Common Problems

When a person's teeth or jaws do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct the problem. If left untreated, these orthodontic problems often referred to as malocclusions, can cause speech difficulty, premature wear of the teeth and even increase the chance of injury to the teeth and jaw joints.

Underbite

underbiteAn underbite is characterized by the lower jaw extending too far out causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the upper front teeth.

Crossbite

crossbiteThis malocclusion occurs when the upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth, which may cause tooth wear and misaligned jaw growth. Sometimes in order to close the mouth, patients will move their lower jaw forward or to the side when closing. This incorrect bite results in an improper use of the lower jaw and sometimes brings about facial asymmetry.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

protrusionThe appearance and function of your teeth are impacted by this type of bite. It is characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward or the lower teeth not extending far enough forward.

Overbite

overbiteThe upper front teeth vertically overlap the lower front teeth too much sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. Problems often associated with an overbite include a "gummy" smile, protruding lips and excessive wear of the front teeth.

Crowding

crowdingCrowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt from the gums. It is the most common reason for braces. Not only is crowding unattractive but, it has also been linked to periodontal problems and dental decay because it is harder to clean surfaces of the teeth when they overlap.

Spacing

spacingSpacing problems may be caused by missing teeth or they may only be a cosmetic or aesthetic issue. Spacing is another popular reason for braces. The opposite of crowding, spacing is most commonly caused by excessive jaw room for the size of the erupting teeth.

Openbite

openbiteProper chewing is impacted by this type of bite in which the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap. An openbite may be the result of unwanted habits such as tongue thrusting (reverse swallow) or prolonged thumb/pacifier sucking. Early evaluation and intervention is essential in correcting an openbite.

Dental Midlines not Matched

midlinesDental midlines that do not match are evident when the back bite does not fit and match appropriately. This may negatively impact jaw function and proper dental function.